BRIEF HISTORY OF CCT

After the education system came into being in Nepal in 1971 (2028 B.S.), all the higher education centers scattered all over the country were unified under the umbrella of Tribhuvan University. Subsequently, Institute of Applied Science and Technology (IASTEC) was established in 1972 in Dharan, which became the forerunner of Food Technology program in Nepal. This was the turning point of Food Technology education in Nepal.

Early institutional objectives

The institute had explicit institutional objectives and program outlines. The four major outlines of the program were: 

  1. Research and Innovation – for the exploitation of local resources;
  2. Documentation and Information – for documenting and compiling materials on science and technology, development/establishment science and technology museum;
  3. Instrumentation – for development,  repair/maintenance, enlisting of scientific equipment; and
  4. Academic program – for production of skilled manpower needed for value-adding agricultural produce

Early academic programs

The academic program included 4 relevant technologies, viz.,

  1. Laboratory Technology
  2. Food Technology
  3. Fat/oil and Soap Technology
  4. Environment Technology

The program also included short term courses for following industries: (i) sugar, (ii) cigarette, (iii) cement and lime, (iv) jute, (v) wood, (vi) chemical fertilizer, (vii) textile, (viii) rosin and turpentine, (ix) paper and pulp, (x) chemical, and (xi) dairy. 

Of the above proposed academic programs, however, only Food Technology and Laboratory Technology programs were run in this institute. These programs consisted of semester-based, two-year certificate level courses (I. Tech.) in Food Technology and Laboratory Technology. The objective of these courses was to produce middle-level technical manpower that the country badly needed. Because of the self-terminating nature of these programs, these were formally closed in 1977, after producing 79 and 87 graduates in Food Technology and Laboratory Technology, respectively.

The making of the Institute of Science and Technology

The establishment of an institute with such unique and novel features was a milestone in itself. Late Dr. Parasar Narayan Suwal was appointed as the first Dean of the institute and given the responsibility for doing all the needful. Well-wishers and education activists from Biratnagar offered to provide the land required for the establishment of the institute (near the old airport) but Dr. Suwal preferred Dharan because of its salubrious climate and vantage reasons. Education activists and well-wishers, notably, Mr. Chandra Shekhar Shrestha, Mr. Surya Prasad Upadhyaya, and Late Subba Bir Bahadur Maskey were a great source of inspiration and their benevolent deeds have secured them a place in the annals of this campus. With special initiatives from the then Minister for Education Late Hiralal Vishwakarma, certificate level courses in Food Technology and Laboratory Technology were started from 2073 (Shrawan 1, 2030 B.S.).

Since the institute did not have its own building at the time, Mr. Yagya Prasad’s house (at Dharan -16, currently turned into a private run high school) was rented with effect from July 1, 1973.

The institute was separated into two units, namely, (i) Dean’s Office, and (ii) Central Campus. Central Campus was devolved the responsibility to carry out academic activities and had Asst. Dean as the main organ. Dean’s Office did the job of supervision, inspection, and monitoring of academic activities. Since Dean’s Office did not have its own building then, it began its operation from Tara Devi Shrestha and Jhuma Dhimal’s building situated in Dharan-4.

The first intake of students for the academic program consisted of 50 students each in Food Technology and Laboratory Technology. Students were selected based on the entrance exam. The successful students received a handsome stipend of NRs 200 per month.

During those days, the academic and administrative works were carried out from 6:30 A.M. to 10:30 A.M. A timing of 12:30 P.M. to 4:30 P.M. was also practiced as a trial. All the staffs worked, played, and lived in perfect harmony. Litter wonder, then, the Dean would himself occasionally invite all the staffs for dinner.

Of course, time was difficult then, particularly as regards availability of appropriate faculty. Nagged by this concern, the then Dean Dr. Suwal appointed Mr. Dev Bhakta Shakya as a Lecturer for Food Technology and Mr. Tilak Man Shrestha as a Lecturer for Laboratory Technology in 1974.

During 1975, with the initiation of Dr. Suwal the institute acquired about about 9.2 ha (19 bigha, 10 kattha, ½ dhoor) of land at Hattisar. Mr Bir Bahadur Shrestha and Mr Padam Nar Sigh Shrestha (the then President of Ward No. 14) lent invaluable help in the process. Mr. Birendra Bahadur Shahi, the then Zonal Chief of Koshi zone took keen interest and lent the much needed help in overcoming the official red tape in the acquisition process. Immediately after the acquisition of the land, 10 wooden sheds were built for temporarily running the classes. Mr. Brihaspati Prasain’s house (Ward No. 1, near the present water storage tank) was taken in rent and Dean’s Office set up. Thereafter, Tribhuvan University spent NRs 3.6 million from its own resources to build one laboratory building, one guest house, six B-type quarters, and twelve C-Type quarters. These building were built by Araniko Construction Company, Kathmandu in accordance with United Designers Consultancy’s building construction project. The construction work came to end in 1977.

The demise of the Institute

Soon after the new buildings were constructed, much to the dismay of all concerned, the whole thing took an ugly turn, putting an end to all the fervor and zeal of the establishment. The institute was broken down into Dharan Campus and RECAST (Research Center for Applied Science and Technology). RECAST was taken away to Kathmandu while the academic program, after relegating it into mere constituent campus of Tribhuvan University (under the faculty of science and technology) continued to run in Dharan. 

In 1977, certificate level programs in Food Technology and Laboratory Technology were announced formally terminated by the then Minister for Education Mr. Pashupati Shamser Rana, thereby apparently sealing the fate of food technology education. A certificate level program in pure science was then started instead of the technology program.

Hopeful days

In 1979, with the concerted effort of both teachers and administrative staffs, B. Tech. level in Food Technology (which is running to this day), the first of its kind in Nepal, came into being. This was another turning point in the history of Food Technology education in Nepal. Since then, the campus has undergone several transformations to evolve into its present form.

No looking back

In 1987, during Late King Birendra’s visit to the Eastern Development Region, the then Campus Chief Mr. Jagat Bahadur KC apprised the king of the importance of Food Technology education and requested him for a separate institute (see Gallery for King Birendra’s vist to CCT). Acknowledging the gravity of the matter, the king issued a directive to the concerned to do the needful. Thus, this campus got back a part of what it rightly deserved, some fourteen years later! There has been no looking back since then. The campus obtained the status of Central Campus of Technology, with a provision for Assistant Dean. In 1997 a Bachelor program in Microbiology was added (still running). Bringing this program was another milestone. Teachers, students, academic staffs and education activists of Dharan had to exercise a lot in realizing it. The role of Dharan Municipality will ever be remembered. It provided the much needed financial aid to survive the initial crisis. 

king birendra at CCT

King Birendra's visit to CCT in 1987, a moment to cherish

On February 15, 1999, the campus underwent decentralization system, thereby obtaining partial autonomy. The campus began to run through Campus Management and Development Committee (CMDC), the apex body at the campus management level. It consisted of 14 members representing stakeholders from all walks of life.

Eventually in 2001 Central Department of Food Technology was established for running M.Tech. and Ph.D. programs in Food Technology whereupon Master Level in Food Technology was started in 2002. After the establishment of Central Department, it also started Ph. D. programs. A snapshot of the timeline of development and future prospects of CCT is given below:

Timeline of development and future prospects 

Year (A.D.)

Development

1972

Establishment of Institute of Applied Science and Technology (IASTec)
I. Tech (2 years course) in Food Technology and Laboratory Technology

1977

Relegation of the institute to mere campus status
Certificate Level in pure science started after terminating I.Tech Program

1979 Start of B.Tech. Program in Food Technology
1987 Obtained the status of Central Campus of Technology
1997 Start of B.Sc. (Major: microbiology; Minor: botany)
1999 The campus underwent decentralization system (block grant)
2001 Start of M.Tech. (Food Technology) Program
2002 Start of PhD Program (Food Technology)
2008 Start of B.Sc. (Major: microbiology; Minor: zoology)
2010 Start of B.Sc. (Major: physics; minor: statistics)
2011 Start of B.Sc. in Nutrition and Dietetics
2013 Start of B.Sc. (Major: geology)
2014 Start of M.Sc. in Microbiology
Near future M.Sc. in Nutrition and Dietetics

 

In 2012, CCT obtained partial autonomy. Under this scheme, the apex management body is the Campus Management Committee.

The history of Central Campus of Technology (CCT) is thus full of ups and downs. To this date seventeen campus chiefs/Assistant Deans/Deans have served the campus. As a token of thanks to their contribution in the making of the history of CCT at various stages, we provide below their photographs along with their tenure as the campus head.

missing
Dean
Late Parasar Narayan Suwal
(1973-1975)

missing
Asst. Dean
Dr. Suresh Raj Sharma
(1973-1975)

devbhakta
Deputy Asst. Dean
Dr. Dev Bhakta Shakya
(1975)

missing
Asst. Dean
Mr. Amrit Kumar Shresta
(1976)

puran
Campus Chief
Mr. Puran Prasad Shrestha
(1972-1975)

bhadraman
Deputy Campus Chief
Dr. Bhadraman Tuladhar
(1976-1978)

puran
Campus Chief
Mr. Puran Prasad Shrestha
(1978-1980)

missing
Campus Chief
Nirmal Shrestha
(1980-1982)

jagat
Campus Chief
Mr. Jagat Bahadur KC
(1982-1988-1990)

badri
Asst. Dean
Badri Nath Shrestha
(1990-1993)

bhisma
Asst. Dean
Bhisma Nanda Vaidya
(1993-1994)

tilak
Asst. Dean
Mr. Tilak Man Shrestha
(1994-1998)

jagat
Asst. Dean
Prof. Jagat Bahadur KC
(1998-2002)

dilip
Asst. Dean
Prof. Dr. Dilip Subba
(2002-2006)

rishi
Deputy Asst. Dean
Mr. Rishi Raj Gautam
(2006-2007)

ganga
Asst. Dean
Prof. Dr. Ganga P. Kharel
(207-2009)

pashupati
Asst. Dean
Mr. Pashupati Mishra
(2009-2014)

dhan
Asst. Dean
Prof. Dr. Dhan Bahadur Karki
(2014-2018)