About CCT Dharan
Central Campus of Technology, Dharan is the forerunner of food technology education in Nepal. To date, the campus has produced more than 500 highly qualified food technology graduates. Annually, nearly 25 percent of them go abroad for further studies. Ten percent of them find Government jobs and the rest go like hot cakes in various food industries in Nepal and abroad. The scope of food technology education in Nepal has increased dramatically in the past few years. As a result, by 2014, there are 11 academic institutions where food technology education is offered. In the light of recent trend in food technology education in Nepal, to further broaden its scope, Central Campus of Technology has prepared a new vision statement:
Central Campus of Technology will strive to transition into Deemed University of Food Science and Technology, making it one of the finest research stations for post-harvest technology of the SAARC Region.
It is beyond dispute that there is nothing as indispensable as food for all life forms on earth. In the recent time, however, food crisis has risen to the state of emergency in many developing countries. Food insecurity is pervasive throughout much of Nepal.
Whenever food crisis occurs in Nepal, we have to depend on donors for the food supply. This situation is quite humiliating for a resource-rich country like ours. Besides, emergency food supplies by donor agencies and even plain import can never be a permanent solution. It will only enslave our economy. The reasons behind food insecurity in Nepal and the available options for combating it hardly need elaboration. Food insecurity may result from failed harvest, poor distribution, post-harvest loos, poor access (physical and nutrition), and so on. National Planners are preoccupied with increasing productivity (pre-harvest). Scientists are working day in and day out for developing improved crop varieties, increasing productivity, and devising better farming systems, with the hope to combat food insecurity. Even 2-3% increase in yield is hailed as a success. But what they fail to understand is, because of the lack of proper post-harvest knowledge, nearly 50% of fruits and vegetables and about 20% of cereal grains painstakingly researched and produced are being lost. This is where food technology comes in and combats food insecurity. Control of post-harvest loss, be it by a few percent, can be worth food security for millions of people.
Thus, the mission of Central Campus of Technology is:
To strengthen research facilities and develop post-harvest technology & allied programs to the point where Central Campus of Technology can be a deemed university in its own right.
For realizing the stated vision and accomplishing the mission, Central Campus of Technology has set the following objectives:
- Fully deploy the privileges of autonomy.
- Mobilize resources for developing infrastructure.
- Prepare strategic plan for sustainability of all future programs.
- Strengthen research facilities.
- Run advanced academic programs in science and technology.
Brief History of CCT
After the implementation of national education in Nepal in 1971 (2028 B. S.), all the higher education centers scattered all over the country were unified under the umbrella of Tribhuvan University. Subsequently, Institute of Applied Science and Technology (IASTEC), which became the forerunner of Food Technology program in Nepal, was established in 1972 in Dharan. This was the turning point in the history of Food Technology education in Nepal.
Early institutional objectives
The institute had explicit institutional objectives and program outlines. The four major outlines of the program were:
- Research and Innovation –for the utilization of local resources;
- Documentation and Information – for documenting and compiling materials on science and technology, development/ establishment science and technology museum;
- Instrumentation- for development, repair/maintenance, enlisting of scientific equipment; and
- Academic program- for production of skilled manpower needed for value-adding agricultural produt.
Early academic programs
The academic program included 4 relevant technologies, viz.,
- Laboratory Technology
- Food Technology
- Fat/oil and Soap Technology
- Environment Technology
The program also included short term courses for following industries:
- cement and lime
- chemical fertilizer
- rosin and turpentine
- paper and pulp
- chemical, and
Among the above proposed academic programs, however, only Food Technology and Laboratory Technology programs were run in this institute. These programs consisted of semester-based, two-year certificate level course (I-Tech.) in Food Technology and Laboratory Technology. The main objective of these courses was to produce middle-level technical manpower needed for the country. Because of the self-terminating nature of these programs, these were formally closed in 1977 after producing 79 and 87 graduates in Food Technology and Laboratory Technology, respectively.
The making of the Institute of Science and Technology
The establishment of an institute with such unique and novel features was a milestone in itself. Late Dr. Parasar Narayan Suwal was appointed as the first Dean of the institute and given the responsibility for doing all the needful. Well-wishers and education activists from Biratnagar offered to provide the required land for the establishment of the institute (near the old airport); but Dr. Suwal preferred Dharan because of its salubrious climate and vantage reasons. Education activists and well-wishers, notably, Mr. Chandra Shekhar Shrestha, Mr. Surya Prasad Upadhyaya, and Late Subba Bir Bahadur Maskey were a great source of inspiration and their benevolent deeds have secured them a place in the annals of this campus. With special initiatives from the then Minister of education Late Hiralal Vishwakarma, certificate level courses in Food Technology and Laboratory Technology were started from 3073 (Shrawan 1, 2030 B. S.).
Since the institute did not have its own building at that time, Mr. Yagya Prasad’s house (at Dharan- 16, currently turned into a private run high school) was rented with effect from July 1, 1973.
The institute was divided into two units, namely, (i) Dean’s Office, and (ii) Central Campus. Central Campus was developed to carry out the responsibility of academic activities with an Asst. Dean as the head of the academics. Whereas, the Dean’s Office did the job of supervision, inspection, and monitoring of academic activities. Since the Dean’s Office did not have its own building then, it began its operation from Tara Devi Shrestha and Jhuma Dhimal’s building located in the then Dharan 4.
The first intake of students for the academic programs consisted of 50 students each in Food Technology and Laboratory Technology. Students were selected on the merit basis of the entrance exam. The successful students received a handsome stipend of NRs 200 per month.
During those days, the academic and administrative works were carried out from 6:30 A.M. to 10:30 A.M. A timing of 12:30 P.M. to 4:30 P.M. was also practiced as a trail. All the staffs worked, played, and lived in perfect harmony. Little wonder, occasionally, the then Dean would himself invite all the staffs for dinner.
Of course, the institute had a hard time then. The availability of qualified faculty was scanty. Nagged by this concern, the then Dean, Dr. Suwal appointed Mr. Dev Bhakta Shakya as a Lecturer for Food Technology and Mr. Tilak Man Shrestha as a Lecturer for Laboratory Technology in 1974. In 1975, with the initiation of Dr. Suwal the institute acquired about 9.2 ha (19 bigha, 10 kattha) of land at Hattisar. Mr. Bir Bahadur Shrestha and Mr. Padam Nar Singa Shrestha (the then President of Ward No. 14) lent invaluable help in the process. Mr. Birendra Bahadur Shahi, the then Zonal Chief (Anchaladhis) of Koshi zone took keen interest and lent the much needed help in overcoming the official red tape in the acquisition process. Immediately, after the acquisition of the land, 10 wooden sheds were built for temporarily running the classes. Mr. Brihaspati Parsain’s house (the then ward number 1, near the present water storage tank) was rented to set up the Dean’s office. Thereafter, Tribhuvan University spent 3.6 million from its own resources to build one laboratory building, one guest house, six B-type quarters, and twelve C-type quarters. These buildings were built by Araniko Construction Company, Kathmandu in accordance with the United Designers Consultancy’s building construction project. The construction work was, finally, completed in 1977.
The demise of the Institute
Soon after the new buildings were constructed, much to the dismay of all concerned, the whole thing took an ugly turn, putting an end to all the fervor and zeal of the establishment. The institute was broken down into Dharan Campus and RECAST (Research Center for Applied Science and technology). RECAST was taken away to Kathmandu while the academic program, after relegating it into mere constituent campus of Tribhuvan University (under the faculty of science and technology) continued to run in Dharan.
In 1977, certificate level programs to Food Technology and Laboratory Technology were formally terminated by the then Minister for Education, Mr. Pashupati Shamser Rana, thereby, apparently sealing the fate of food technology education. A certificate level program in pure science was then started in the campus instead of the technology programs.
Rays of Hope
In 1979, with the concerned effort of both teachers and administrative staffs, B. Tech. level in Food Technology (which is running to this day), the first of its kind in Nepal, came into being. This was another turning point in the history of Food technology education in Nepal. Since then, the campus has undergone several transformations to evolve into its present form.
No looking back
In 1987, during Late King Birendra’s visit to the Eastern Development Region, the then Campus Chief, Mr. Jagat Bahadur KC apprised the king of the importance of Food Technology education and requested him for a separate institute (See the Gallery for King Birendra’s visit to CCT). Acknowledging the gravity of the matter, the king issued a directive to the concerned to do the needful. Thus, this campus got back a part of what it rightly deserved, some fourteen years later! There has been no looking back since then. The campus obtained the status of Central Campus of Technology, with a provision for Assistant Dean. In 1997 a Bachelor program in Microbiology was lunched and is smoothly running now. Bringing this program was another milestone. Teachers, students, academic staffs and education activists of Dharan had to exercise a lot to materialize this. The role of Dharan Municipality will ever be remembered. It provided the much needed financial aid to survive the initial crisis.
On February 15, 1999, the campus underwent decentralization system, thereby obtaining partial autonomy. The campus began to run through Campus Management and Development Committee (CDMC), the apex body at the campus management level. It consisted of 14 members representing stakeholders from all walks of life.
Eventually, in 2001 Central Department of Food Technology was established for running M. Tech. and Ph.D. program in Food Technology whereupon Master Level in Food Technology was started in 2002. After the establishment of Central Department, it also started Ph.D. program.
After the new education system came into being in Nepal in 1971 A.D., all the higher education centers scattered all over the country were brought together under the umbrella of Tribhuvan University. Subsequently, INSTITUTE OF APPLIED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (IASTEC) was established in 1973 A.D. in Dharan, which became the forerunner of the present day CENTRAL CAMPUS OF TECHNOLOGY. The campus is situated on the isolated and quiet hillock called “Hattisar”(altitude 428 meter) on the lap of spectacular Bijaypur hill in north-east of Dharan, Sunsari District: a magnificent and well-off city in the East of Nepal. The campus is located in Ward No.14 of Dharan sub-metropolitan, Sunsari District.
Central Campus of Technology (CCT) inherits its present name and form from the erstwhile Institute of Applied Science and Technology established in 1972 A.D. in Dharan with Intermediate of Technology (I. Tech.) programs (Laboratory Technology and Food Technology). Mean while, as per the need of the nation, it started Bachelor’s Level Program in Food Technology (B. Tech. Food) in the year 1979 A.D. Likewise, the need of advanced level manpower in the field of Food Technology education was felt and Master’s Level Program (M.Tech .Food) was launched from 2001 A.D. with the establishment of Central Department of Food Technology. It is the constituent campus of Tribhuvan University and is the only centre for learning Master and Ph.D Food Technology in Nepal.
Till the Janandolan-II, the campus was running various academic programs, viz. PCL Science, B. Tech. (Food Technology), B.Sc. Microbiology (Botany). Tribhuvan University initiated a policy to phase-out Intermediate Level from its constituent campuses; as a result of which PCL Science Program was phased out from this campus in the year 2067 B.S. Though the campus tried hard to introduce new academic programs, the available infrastructure and regular annual budget provided by the University could not support them. In the mean time, Second Higher Education Project (SHEP) of Tribhuvan University launched a project of AUTONOMY with some amendments on TU Rules of Autonomy 2062 B.S. After frequent workshops and meetings with stakeholders, the Campus applied for autonomy in the year 2068 B.S., and finally acquired autonomy on Jestha 3, 2069 B.S. After having autonomous status University Grants commission (UGC) provided financial support to develop infrastructure of the campus.
The campus has a separate Board of Directors constituting members from various social communities are present and share ideas for the development of the campus. Representatives of teachers, students and administrative staff along with guardians, Social workers, industrialists, Educationist, intellectuals are involved in the committee. The other representatives from Head of departments of the campus, Vice- chancellor, Dean, University Grants commission, local government etc are also the part of the board of directors. The board of directors is a supreme body of the campus. In order to carry out the policies and programs decided by the board of directors, a separate executive committee is formed with 6 members chaired by campus chief. The committee meeting takes place as per need.
Introduction of several new academic programs; development of Physical Infrastructure; strengthening of library facilities, teaching system, Faculty Development Programs, research activities and teaching system are major outcomes of the campus after autonomy. We have recruited a large number of teaching and non teaching staff to run the academic programs of the campus after being autonomous campus.
Central Campus of Technology has a vital role to play in developing Dharan as an academic center of excellence. This is the forerunner campus in producing advanced level manpower in Food Technology. Nutrition and Dietetics education is being offered at this campus, so that the students need not have to go abroad for the study. The fee-structures of all academic programs are significantly lower and hence affordable as compared to the private colleges of similar nature.
After having financial and managerial autonomy, the campus has received academic autonomy from 2075 B.S. as per the provision mentioned in T.U. Rules of Autonomy 2062. Under academic autonomy Tribhuvan University has delegated power to conduct the semester examination of B.Sc. Nutrition & Dietetics from the year 2076 B.S.. Academic committee and Examination Committee have been formed to introduce new academic programs and make policies and procedures to run the examination.